Udskiftning i pausen: Kontraktuel stabilitet i fodboldens verden

13-01-2017 | Sportsret

Få indblik i FIFA’s indsats for opretholdelse af kontraktuel stabilitet mellem professionelle fodboldsspillere og klubberne. Afhandlingen er skrevet på engelsk af Kristian Futtrup Kjær og udgivet under titlen "Substituting at Half-Time: Contractual Stability in the World of Football" i Retsvidenskabeligt Tidsskrift.

Afhandlingens resumé:

”The thesis focuses on FIFA’s efforts to maintain contractual stability between professionals and clubs in the world of international football. More specifically, the thesis will encompass a thorough description of the rules regarding the maintenance of contractual stability. Furthermore, the thesis analyses when one of the contractual parties is allowed to unilaterally terminate the employment contract and what the consequences are of termination without so-called just cause. With reference to the FIFA Regulations on the Status and Transfer of Players, Swiss law, and the latest jurisprudence of the CAS the thesis analyses whether the football world’s own regulations contain a statutory basis for compensation in case of termination for just cause or whether the statutory basis is to be found in the subsidiarily applicable Swiss law.

The thesis concludes that the football world’s own regulations contain provisions aiming for the maintenance of the principle of pacta sunt servanda. The regulation, however, provides scope for applying the principle of clausula rebus sic stantibus, when the contract can be terminated with just cause. The concept of just cause is not defined in the FIFA regulations, which is why the jurisprudence is of great importance. Causes for termination such as lengthy absenteeism, outstanding remuneration, assignment to the backup team and invocation of an error might justify the terminating party to unilaterally terminate the employment relationship. The thesis infers that the consequences of termination without just cause are that the party in breach must compensate the aggrieved party applying the principle of positive interest and the criteria set out in the FIFA regulations. In case of termination for just cause the thesis concludes that the statutory basis can be found in both the football world’s own regulations and the subsidiarily applicable Swiss law. However, the most reliable basis for compensation in such cases must be found in the FIFA regulations because of the parties’ possibility of choice of law.”

Afhandlingen er skrevet af advokatfuldmægtig Kristian Futtrup Kjær og senest offentliggjort i Retsvidenskabeligt Tidsskrift 2017.

Substituting at Half-Time: Contractual Stability in the World of Football